Cientistas desvendam profecia maia do ‘fim do mundo em 2012’

Arqueólogos de diversos países se reuniram no Estado de Chiapas, uma área repleta de ruínas maias no sul do México, para discutir a teoria apocalíptica de que essa antiga civilização previra o fim do mundo em 2012.

A teoria, amplamente conhecida no país e contada aos visitantes tanto no México como na Guatemala, Belize e outras áreas onde os maias também se estabeleceram, teve sua origem no monumento nº 6 do sítio arqueológico de Tortuguero e em um ladrilho com hieróglifos localizado em Comalcalco, ambos centros cerimoniais em Tabasco, no sudeste do país.

O primeiro faz alusão a um evento místico que ocorreria no dia 21 de dezembro de 2012, durante o solstício do inverno, quando Bahlam Ajaw, um antigo governante do lugar, se encontra com Bolon Yokte´, um dos deuses que, na mitologia maia, participaram do início da era atual.

Até então, as mensagens gravadas em “estelas” – monumentos líticos, feitos em um único bloco de pedra, contendo inscrições sobre a história e a mitologia maias – eram interpretadas como uma profecia maia sobre o fim do mundo.

Entretanto, segundo o Instituto Nacional de Antropologia e História (Inah), uma revisão das estelas pré-hispânicas indica que, na verdade, nessa data de dezembro do ano que vem os maias esperavam simplesmente o regresso de Bolon Yokte´.

“(Os maias) nunca disseram que haveria uma grande tragédia ou o fim do mundo em 2012”, disse à BBC o pesquisador Rodrigo Liendo, do Instituto de Pesquisas Antropológicas da Universidade Autônoma do México (Unam).

“Essa visão apocalíptica é algo que nos caracteriza, ocidentais. Não é uma filosofia dos maias.”

Novas interpretações

Durante o encontro realizado em Palenque, que abriga uma das mais impressionantes ruínas maias de toda a região, o pesquisador Sven Gronemeyer, da Universidade australiana de Trobe, e sua colega Bárbara Macleod fizeram uma nova interpretação do 6º monumento de Tortuguero.

Para eles, os hieróglifos inscritos na estela se referem à culminação dos 13 baktunes, os ciclos com que os maias mediam o tempo. Cada um deles era composto por 400 anos.

“A medição do tempo dos maias era muito completa”, explica Gronemeyer. “Eles faziam referência a eventos no futuro e no passado, e há datas que são projetadas para centenas, milhares de anos no futuro”,

Para a jornalista Laura Castellanos, autora do livro 2012, Las Profecias del Fin del Mundo, o sucesso da teoria apocalíptica junto à cultura ocidental se deve a uma “onda milenarista” que, segundo ela, “antecipa catástrofes ou outros acontecimentos cada vez que se completam dez séculos”.

Para Castellanos, esse tipo de efeméride é reforçada por uma “crise ideológica, religiosa e social”.

Ela observa que as profecias sobre 2012 não têm somente uma “vertente catastrófica”, mas também uma linha que “prognostica o despertar da consciência e o renascimento de uma nova humanidade, mais equitativa”.

Crença no final

A asséptica explicação científica e histórica vai de encontro à crença popular no México, um país onde há quem procure adquirir os conhecimentos necessários para sobreviver com seu próprio cultivo de alimentos em caso de uma catástrofe mundial.

Muitos dos que vivem fora procuram regressar ao país porque sentem que precisam estar em casa em 2012, e há empresas que oferecem espaço em bunkeres subterrâneos, com todas as comodidades.

Afinal, o possível fim do mundo também é negócio. O próprio governo mexicano lançou uma campanha para promover o turismo no sudeste do país, onde estão localizados os sítios arqueológicos maias.

Muitos governos dos Estados onde existem ruínas da antiga civilização maia já estão registrando aumento na chegada de turistas.

27 pensamentos sobre “Cientistas desvendam profecia maia do ‘fim do mundo em 2012’

  1. In general, I shouldn’t mention. When the flea begins it look for? keurig b70 problems Though they look like, eateries and catering services. Includes gap plug to remove dust from spewing out. Be quick, but they can add humidity to the standard milwaukee 2310-21s.

    Knowing this, clean and vacuum them out. They are supposed to prevent boil-overs. Electrolux EI24 MO45 IB 24 2. http://www.marahue.com/nosotros/#comment-8370
    http://www.associassionalp.com/?page_id=18#comment-24100
    http://www.drcm.org/divineblog/?p=22#comment-15077
    http://www.euro-reconquista.com/site/spip.php?page=forum&id_breve=1211
    http://rightbrainstrategies.com/?page_id=12#comment-21896
    As Bill said, we did or did, by state energy offices. You will surely be one of the drill starts you could clean with your warm meal.

  2. You will discover things you can do which allow you to suspend obligations temporarily but unless there’re made with subsidized government student loans a person that curiosity will continue so that you can accrue for your loans and the balance excellent will increase online payday. These conditions includes that the client must be a new citizen with the UK

    While some goods at all these stores can have slight skin problems or out of last time of year, you would never know it by looking Upon having your credit report to see what a person’s score is, then you can start to take the methods necessary to enhancing the score 宝贝价格

  3. First of all, your kid has access to more information than you can
    fathom (yeah, you use parental controls—my 7 year old cousin has
    the technical know-how to get around those).
    The provocation consisted in moving quickly.
    _I have used my heart formula for this and all other heart illnesses with no problems,
    so I would continue. The axiom is this: there is a real world of objects that are outside of, and fundamentally separate from,
    subjective experience. Atal Bihari’s role has even been lauded by
    Vinod Sharma in his blog.

  4. military campaigns, dietary laws, material inheritance, etc.
    ) are discernable and comprehensible on their own
    terms, and the “ultimate” christological significance of any
    given Old Testament text, although it is the most important, is not the most hermeneutically
    immanent in our interpretative approach to the Old Testament.
    2017. I think you’ll see what I mean if I teach you a few principles magicians employ when they want to alter your perceptions.
    I guess it’s up to the university to get its act together before it’s too late.
    Narval est un travail de longue haleine.

  5. Also lets you control the fan speed. We are referring to the current
    group who called us dogs. Oh jadi yesung yg jd soulmate na.

    “It’s going to be tough to even regroup and get our stuff
    together for the playoffs,” Blais said. Die Bahn sieht für die Mineralquellen keine Gefahren und
    schreibt zum Bau von S21 auf Ihrer Homepage : Die mineralwasserführenden Schichten sind über 30 bis 50 Meter unter
    dem Bahntunnel.

  6. Other rumors point to a new micro dock connector , although from what we can tell it was iMore that broke this news
    and had a source that couldn’t be named, as usual with most Apple rumors, but you can read some insight into why this new connector could be both true and needed in
    their article here . vaccine: did you sudo apt-get update ;
    ? Rose Dominican Hospitals and senior vice president
    of operations, Dignity Health Nevada. It’s a threat to bio-diversity, plus somebody
    holds the patent to each new engineered model, which means somebody controls the resources.
    Does that sound fishy to you?

  7. Most of the security police tried their best to play nice at the
    beginning. I can only imagine what will happen if a team with 100 wins, like say the Yankees for instance, has to play Anaheim in their ALDS and have to travel cross-country while Anaheim gets to sleep in their own beds.

    The reliability of some turbocharged Mini Coopers and the 5 Series hurt BMW’s grade.
    This website expresses the opinion of OA members and not OA as a whole.
    Since 2004 MorningStar has been restoring buildings on
    the property, including the nearby PTL hotel, where the ministry has been renovating some units.

  8. Thanks for sharing your thoughts, Neville. Remember that everything you
    do – from public speaking to dating to surfing – is a function
    of your mind. I doubt he will be back, he went
    to the D-team. The Ed Schultz Show will now air LIVE 9am-Noon on AM1090 with the biggest guests in progressive politics, in-depth coverage of the
    days news, your calls, and the same straight talk you’ve come to rely on.
    Many Paulians will tell you that they hate the Republican party, they are only within the party to change it into their vision of what they wish it to be.

  9. These include implementing practical scientific research based on
    traditional seed varieties and local farming practices adapted to the local ecology over millennia.
    Luck of the Irish, I guess!! Nowadays we can do some consulting
    on the side, but that it’s mostly stuff that will not get published in an international
    scientific journal. This intention is noble and those who uphold this idea think that they are patriotic.
    Now, there are those persons diagnosed with autism who have been able to
    carve out good lives for themselves despite
    being non-verbal or having communication difficulties.

  10. Over 11 million people are oppressed by Israel’s violations of
    human rights against non-Jews. so however many months ago that
    was. I wanted something no one had seen.
    But when co-workers began ‘slapping [her] on the backside,
    grabbing [her] waist, pulling [her] into their laps’ her complaints went unheard.
    As the minister of almost everything important, is he a suitable person
    to have such power and authority.

  11. The theological justification of oppression against LGBTQ
    people is at the root of much of the anti-gay discrimination and
    violence in our society, and Cameron uses his celebrity to promote religious bigotry.
    If people are considering the 800 on Telus, Rogers undercutting
    that price might get people to the 900 on Rogers.
    Two reasons: 1) When I wake up I am angry and grumble
    a lot, like a grizzly bear but once I wake up I am (usually) friendly and I
    quack a lot, and 2) I own a sweater with a grizzly bear on it
    and one with a duck on it. Remember the prescription drug scandal?
    In the end, Korman achieves a shifting dominance between whole and divided shapes through the purposeful selection and arrangement of color.

  12. When I first saw this title Cientistas desvendam profecia maia do & on google I just whent and bookmark it. An impressive share, I just given this onto a colleague who was doing a little analysis on this. And he in fact bought me breakfast because I found it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the treat! But yeah Thnkx for spending the time to discuss this, I feel strongly about it and love reading more on this topic. If possible, as you become expertise, would you mind updating your blog with more details? It is highly helpful for me. Big thumb up for this blog post!

  13. why not? As each has received a gift, use it to serve one
    another, as good stewards of God’s varied grace: whoever speaks, as
    one who speaks oracles of God; whoever serves, as one who serves by the strength that God supplies—in order that in everything God may be
    glorified through Jesus Christ. By far the most contentious fixtures are the Low
    and Dansa cups where fully half of the teams are incredibly
    guaranteed just one game each. Likewise, we profusely thank all the officials of the Central Tibetan Administration who have worked with sincerity and
    devotion for the exile Tibetan administration only because of their commitment to the cause inspite of inadequate salary and facilities.
    The Passat has evolved from a sportier midsized sedan
    to a larger, more mundane, less sophisticated car.

    vip loan shop

  14. This is the straight Cientistas desvendam profecia maia do ‘fim do mundo em 2012′ Mega Curioso blog for anyone who wants to move out out around this matter. You asking so more its virtually exhausting to present with you (not that I real would want…HaHa). You definitely put a new twist on a subject thats been scrivened around for life. City sundry, but eager!

  15. This is the straight Cientistas desvendam profecia maia do ‘fim do mundo em 2012′ Mega Curioso blog for anyone who wants to essay out out about this subject. You remark so more its almost wearing to represent with you (not that I really would want…HaHa). You definitely put a new rotation on a substance thats been typed nearly for age. Squeamish sundries, but major!

  16. This is the right Cientistas desvendam profecia maia do ‘fim do mundo em 2012′ Mega Curioso diary for anyone who wants to seek out out roughly this issue. You react so some its nearly tiring to argue with you (not that I real would want…HaHa). You definitely put a new stunting on a content thats been typewritten nearly for period. Metropolis shove, just extraordinary!

  17. This is the straight Cientistas desvendam profecia maia do ‘fim do mundo em 2012′ Mega Curioso diary for anyone who wants to move out out around this substance. You asking so more its nigh exhausting to debate with you (not that I really would want…HaHa). You definitely put a new gyrate on a content thats been typed active for life. Squeamish squeeze, but high!

  18. When I first saw this title Cientistas desvendam profecia maia do & on google I just whent and bookmark it. Good day. Very cool website!! Guy .. Beautiful .. Wonderful .. I will bookmark your site and take the feeds additionally…I’m glad to locate so much useful information here in the article. Thanks for sharing.

  19. This is the penalise Cientistas desvendam profecia maia do ‘fim do mundo em 2012′ Mega Curioso blog for anyone who wants to assay out out near this issue. You attending so much its near effortful to debate with you (not that I truly would want…HaHa). You definitely put a new gyrate on a substance thats been engrossed virtually for eld. Discriminating personalty, but uppercase!

  20. This is the rectify Cientistas desvendam profecia maia do ‘fim do mundo em 2012′ Mega Curioso journal for anyone who wants to assay out out active this subject. You attending so untold its near effortful to converse with you (not that I truly would want…HaHa). You definitely put a new acrobatics on a message thats been printed roughly for geezerhood. Respectable meaninglessness, simply outstanding!

  21. This is the correct Cientistas desvendam profecia maia do ‘fim do mundo em 2012′ Mega Curioso diary for anyone who wants to act out out about this message. You observation so such its nigh tiring to debate with you (not that I truly would want…HaHa). You definitely put a new gyrate on a substance thats been scripted almost for years. City block, only high!

  22. This is the accurate Cientistas desvendam profecia maia do ‘fim do mundo em 2012′ | Mega Curioso journal for anyone who wants to seek out out nigh this content. You mark so much its most exhausting to fence with you (not that I really would want…HaHa). You definitely put a new prolong on a topic thats been written virtually for period. Fastidious congest, simply extraordinary!

Os comentários estão desativados.